Endeavor: Facts, Figures and Financial Woes

The Miss Universe pageant’s parent company, Endeavor (formerly known as WME|IMG) is in a financial quandary.
Here’s how to make sense of all of these financial woes…

COMPANY NAME: Endeavor Group Holdings, formerly known as William Morris Endeavor Entertainment (WME or WME-IMG)
– Endeavor also leads a group which owns the Ultimate Fighting Championship and owns the Miss Universe pageant. It is headed by CEO Ari Emanuel and executive chairman Patrick Whitesell.
INDUSTRY: Entertainment Industry (talent management, live entertainment, sports, etc…)
– William Morris Agency was founded in New York in 1898.
– The Endeavor Talent Agency was launched in 1995.
– WMA and the Endeavor Talent Agency announced that they were forming William Morris Endeavor in 2009.
– WME and Silver Lake announced the acquisition of IMG for $2.4 billion in 2013.
– WME-IMG reorganized in October 2017 with the parent company being renamed from WME-IMG to Endeavor.
PRIMARY HEADQUARTERS: 9601 Wilshire Boulevard, Beverly Hills, California 90210, United States
OWNERSHIP STATUS: Privately Held (backing)
FINANCING STATUS: Private Equity-Backed
NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES: estimated between 5,000 to 10,000

NOTES ON FINANCES: Endeavor’s revenue was $3.61 billion in 2018 with a net income of $100.1 million after adjustments. Recent filings as of 2018-2019, the company is saddled with $4.6 billion of long-term debt, with total liabilities of $7.2 billion and $830.9 million in cash assets.

In December 18, 2013, WME announced the acquisition of IMG for $2.4 billion. The following years to come between 2015 to 2016, the company acquired several sports-related companies and events like the Professional Bull Riders, Ultimate Fighting Championship, as well as literary agency Rabineau Wachter Sanford & Gillett and the Miss Universe pageant.

May 24, 2019 – Endeavor Group files for IPO (Initial Public Offering). An initial public offering (IPO) refers to the process of offering shares of a private corporation to the public in a new stock issuance.

September 26, 2019 – Endeavor cancelled its planned IPO that was set for September 27. The cancellation was due to weak IPO demand.

March 25, 2020 – the company laid off around 250 staff as the sports and film industries continue to be on shut down amid the global spread of the Covid-19 pandemic.

April 2020 – S&P Global Inc. dropped its credit ratings for WME|IMG and Endeavor.
– Endeavor is cutting, furloughing, or slashing the pay of one-third of its approximately 7,500 employees
– The pay reductions will proportionately increase according to base salary, from 5% to 30%.
– CEO Ari Emanuel and Patrick Whitesell, Endeavor’s executive chairman, are to give up the remainder of their 2020 salaries. 

April 27, 2020 – Endeavor decided to cut about one-third of its staff.

May 7, 2020 – WME announced that it would lay off or furlough roughly 20% of its work force.

May 11, 2020 – Moody’s Investors Service Inc. downgraded its outlook for Beverly Hills-based WME IMG Holdings to negative from stable, and lowered the company’s credit rating.

Related articles on this topic:
IMG|WME in Financial Trouble, Miss Universe Pageant Survival in Question
How Much is the Miss Universe Pageant Worth?

* https://pitchbook.com/profiles/company/53004-70
* https://nypost.com/2019/05/23/endeavor-group-owner-of-miss-universe-pageant-and-ufc-files-for-ipo/
* https://labusinessjournal.com/news/2020/may/01/endeavor-credit-rating-gets-another-downgrade/
* https://www.wsj.com/articles/endeavor-plans-coronavirus-driven-staffing-cuts-11587581112
* https://www.sportbusiness.com/news/endeavor-lays-off-250-staff-with-more-cuts-to-come/
* https://variety.com/2020/film/news/wme-endeavor-layoffs-1234586781/
* https://www.digitalmusicnews.com/2020/04/23/endeavor-cuts-furloughs-slashes-employees/
* https://fortune.com/2020/05/13/endeavor-reports-of-our-demise-are-greatly-exaggerated/
* https://nypost.com/2019/09/26/ari-emanuels-entertainment-company-is-pulling-its-ipo/
* https://variety.com/2020/biz/news/endeavor-pay-cuts-ari-emanuel-patrick-whitesell-1203551733/
* https://www.latimes.com/entertainment-arts/business/story/2019-09-26/endeavor-lowers-it-ipo-price-range-ahead-of-its-market-debut

Miss Universe Franchise Holders: Out with the Old, In with the New

Find a bigger business partner, remove the franchise from old partner, give the franchise to the new business partner, then front a former Miss Universe pageant girl for the new national pageant organization. Or look out for the local financier of the MU pageant, negotiate a 5-year franchise deal, then remove the franchise from the old partner to the new one…

That seems to be the current modus operandi of the Miss Universe pageant in finding new business partners to hold national franchises for the MU pageant.

NOTE: some of the points enumerated here maybe based on rumors alone, reader discretion is advised… 

Do you think money is the major factor in the transfer of these franchises? Do you think this will end here or will there be another casualty in the next few months?
Join in the discussions below…

Our Favorite Binibining Pilipinas International Winners

The Binibining Pilipinas International is now the highest title in the most prestigious and longest running national pageant in the Philippines.

Since Nenita ‘Nini’ Ramos was first fielded by the BBP pageant to the Japanese-owned pageant, the Philippines managed to win 5 MI titles under the Binibining Pilipinas Charities Incorporated (BPCI). As a pageant fan since the 1990’s we’ve some to love a number of our Filipina reps in this Tokyo-based competition.

Below are Sashes&Scripts’ favorite Binibining Pilipinas International titleholders:

  1. Yedda Marie Mendoza Kittilstvedt, Bb. Pilipinas International 1996 – highest on our list is this 5’9″ stunner from Cebu. A niece of former Binibining Pilipinas Universe Pilar Pilapil, Yedda could have been best sent to Miss Universe that year. Although her top 15 placement in Miss International that year is well-merited. Now a public servant, Yedda remains to be one of the prettiest ladies the Philippines ever sent to the MI pageant.
  2. Gladys Andre Dueñas, Bb. Pilipinas International 1995 – during her year, Gladys would have been better sent in Miss Universe, Reham Snow Tago in MI and Joanne Santos in MW. She was smart, gorgeous and articulate, not to mention a seasoned model under Pitoy Moreno. Her unique Pinay features and well proportioned 5’7″ frame would have been a hit in Namibia. It was no surprise that only Gladys placed among her BBP batchmates as she made it among the semifinalists in Tokyo.
  3. Precious Lara Quigaman, Miss International 2005 – at 5’6″ tall, she was the shortest among all Filipina MI winners. Her well proportioned body made her look exceptionally tall and her sincere delivery of her speech made her stand out in Japan. She was the most successful winner in her BBP batch and was the sole Alpha pageant winner during the 2000’s from the Philippines.
  4. Jessie Alice Dixson, Bb. Pilipinas International 1986 – those who grew up with her in ‘Okay Ka Fairy Ko’ and ‘Dyesebel’, would have fallen in love with Alice. Her showbiz career eclipsed her pageant beginnings. Alice was a mere teenager when she won in Binibining Pilipinas and managed a respectable semifinalist finish in Miss International 1986.
  5. Kylie Verzosa, Miss International 2016 –  hers was a speech that is considered the modern-day gold standard in MI speeches. The 5’8″ preschool teacher from Baguio is the frontrunner in the 2016 BBP pageant. In fact Kylie was our personal favorite to win the Miss Universe Philippines title that year. She would have easily made top 3 in MU although her winning MI was perhaps the greater reward.

Who are your favorite Binibining Pilipinas International winners? Let us know on the comment section below…

Filipina Representatives in Miss Earth

Youngest among the four biggest international pageant, the Miss Earth competition is dominated by Filipina representatives in terms of placements and wins.

The selection of Filipina representatives to the Miss Earth competitions is carried out by the Carousel productions. Established in 2001, the winner was originally named as “Miss Philippines” (2001-2003) before being renamed Miss Philippines Earth to avoid confusion with the Binibining Pilipinas (which is literally translated into Miss Philippines).

The beauty pageant whose cause is to promote environmental preservation, is dominated by the Philippine candidates, only missing the semis 3 times in its almost 2 decade history. Meet the ladies below…

2001      Carlene Aguilar, Top 10
2002      April Perez, Top 10
2003      Laura Dunlap, Top 10
2004      Tamera Szijarto, Top 8
2005      Genebelle Raagas, Top 16
2006      Catherine Untalan, Miss Earth-Water
2007      Jeanne Harn
2008      Karla Henry, Miss Earth 2008
2009      Sandra Ines Seifert, Miss Earth-Air

2010      Psyche Resus
2011      Athena Imperial, Miss Earth-Water
2012      Stephany Stefanowitz, Miss Earth-Air
2013      Angelee delos Reyes, Top 8
2014      Jamie Herrell, Miss Earth 2014
2015      Angelia Gabrena Ong, Miss Earth 2015
2016      Imelda Schweighart
2017      Karen Ibasco, Miss Earth 2017
2018      Celeste Cortesi, Top 8
2019      Janelle Tee, Top 20

Below is an infographic of the Filipina winners and placers in Miss Earth.

Aurora Pijuan, Miss International 1970

May 16th 1970 will always be remembered as the day that the Philippines won its second Miss International with Aurora McKenney Pijuan. The 5’8” Filipina-American lass from Bacolod bested 46 other candidate for the title.

Au-au was born November 11, 1949, and was only 20 years old when she won the crown on May 16th. Measuring 35-25-36 ½ the tall brunette was a frontrunner in the Binibining Pilipinas pageant. Back then it was deemed that no country could ever win a back-to-back victory in the Miss Universe pageant, especially with the reigning queen Gloria Diaz from the Philippines. So it was then paved to make way for Aurora in Miss International that year while Simonette delos Reyes was sent to the Miss Universe pageant. Au-au competed in Osaka and her win made the Philippines become the first country to win the MI title twice. During the Miss International competition, Aurora wore a pink mini-dress with flared pants underneath, a bold fashion statement where gown are the de rigeour outfits.

Aurora in her Terno with other candidates in their national attire…
Competing in the swimsuit round…
A bold fashion statement: a minidress paired with trousers…

At her homecoming parade, Au-au wore a red terno to match the red velvet cap of the Mikimoto crown. In that time, the Miss International Organization allowed the Mikimoto crown to travel with its winner. Back then, the pearl encrusted crown was valued at $70,000. Among the six MI winners of the Philippines only Aurora Pijuan, Precious Lara Quigaman and and Bea Rose Santiago were able to wear the original MI crown for their parade. Gemma cruz wore a hat for her parade. Melanie Marquez wore her gold and pearl encrusted MI Mikimoto tiara while being accompanied by her full MI court in her homecoming parade, the only Filipina to ever do so. Kylie Verzosa wore a replica of the Miss International crown during her homecoming parades (one on Cubao and the other in Baguio).

After Aurora’s reign, she became a sought after model and product endorser. She also had a few films to her credit.
Hope you enjoyed the photo-collages of Aurora… Drop us a comment below and let us know what you think of today’s article…

Filipina Representatives in Miss International

Six crowns, 4 runner up positions and 23 finalists and semifinal placements: that is how the Philippines has performed in the Miss International pageant.

Among the four biggest international pageants currently in existence, the Tokyo-based Miss International pageant is the pageant that the Philippines has been most successful. Currently, the country ranks second with the most number of wins with 6 titleholders, trailing behind Venezuela’s 8 crowns.

SIDE-NOTE: we have been meaning to do this blogpost for the longest time but never got along to finishing it. 
What took us so long? 
Well we find it close to impossible to find a decent photo of Miss International 1964 Gemma Cruz in a swimsuit. Gemma hoped during the competition in Long Beach that her swimsuit photos wouldn't reach the Philippines away from her conservative family. In a way it did came true as it is so difficult to look online for a high-def pic of hers in her blue Catalina swimsuit.


Here are the 60 ladies that wore the Philippine sash in the 60 years of the Miss International pageant…

1960       Edita Vital, Top 15
1961       Pilar Arciaga
1962       Cynthia Ugalde
1963       Monina Yllana, Top 15
1964      Gemma Teresa Cruz, Miss International
1965       Isabelle Santos
1967       Margarita Romualdez
1968       Nenita Ramos, Top 15
1969       Margaret Rose Montinola, Top 15

1970      Aurora Pijuan, Miss International
1971       Evelyn Camus, 2nd Runner-up
1972       Yolanda Dominguez, 2nd Runner-up & Best in National Costume
1973       Maria Elena Ojeda, 4th Runner-up
1974       Erlynne Bernardez
1975       Jaye Murphy, Top 15
1976       Maria Dolores Ascalon, Top 15 & Best in National Costume
1977       Maria Cristina Alberto
1978       Luz Policarpio
1979      Mimilanie Marquez, Miss International & Best in National Costume

1980       Diana Jeanne Christine Chiong, Top 12
1981       Alice Veronica Sacasas, Top 15
1982       Maria Adela Lisa Manibog
1983       Flor Eden Pastrana
1984       Maria Bella Villa Nachor
1985       Sabrina Simonette Marie Artadi
1986       Jessie Alice Dixson, Top 15
1987       Maria Lourdes Enriquez
1988       Maria Anthea Robles
1989       Lilia Eloisa Andanar, Miss Friendship

1990       Jennifer Perez Pingree
1991       Maria Patricia Betita, Top 15
1992       Jo-Anne Timothea Alivio
1993       Sheela Mae Santarin
1994       Alma Concepcion, Top 15 & Miss Friendship
1995       Gladys Andre Dueñas, Top 15
1996       Yedda Marie Kittilstved, Top 15
1997       Susan Jane Ritter, Top 15
1998       Colette Centeno Glazer, Top 15
1999       Georgina Anne Sandico

2000       Joanna Maria Peñaloza
2001       Maricarl Tolosa
2002       Kristine Alzar
2003       Jhezarie Javier
2004       Margaret-Ann Bayot, Top 15
2005       Precious Lara Quigaman, Miss International
2006       Denille Lou Valmonte
2007       Nadia Lee Cien Shami
2008       Patricia Isabel Fernandez, Top 12
2009       Melody Adelheid Gersbach, Top 15

2010       Krista Eileen Kleiner, Top 15 & Miss Expressive
2011       Dianne Elaine Necio, Top 15 & Miss Internet 
2012       Nicole Cassandra Schmitz, Top 15
2013       Bea Rose Santiago, Miss International 2013
2014       Mary Anne Bianca Guidotti
2015      Janicel Lubina, Top 10 & Best Dresser awardee
2016      Kylie Verzosa, Miss International 2016
2017       Maria Angelica de Leon
2018       Ahtisa Manalo, 1st Runner Up
2019       Bea Patricia Magtanong, Top 8

Below is an infographic of the Filipinas who were successful in the Miss International pageant. Go ahead and share this to everyone…

These are the Philippine representatives who placed in the Miss International pageant…

Learn more about the Filipina Miss International winners here.

Did you loved today’s blogpost/ article? Let us know on the comments below..

Is The Philippines Winning Too Much, Too Often?

In the past 10 years, the Philippines have scored at least a dozen major international pageant titles. It is for that same reason that it attracts both the good and the bad kind of attention…

Factoring only the 4 biggest international pageants alone, the Philippines have only missed making semis 6 times over a period of 10 years. That’s an 85% batting average (34 out of a 40 possible placements) for our reps to make semis.


From the years 2010 to 2019, the Philippines have raked over 16 international titles:

4 Miss Tourism International wins – 2012, 2013, 2017 & 2019
3 Miss Earth wins – 2014, 2015 &2017
2 Miss International wins – 2013 & 2016
2 Miss Universe wins – 2015 & 2018
1 Miss World win – 2013
1 Miss Supranational win – 2013
1 Miss Intercontinental win – 2018
1 Miss Asia Pacific International win – 2018
1 Miss Globe win – 2015
1 Reina HispanoAmericana win – 2017
1 Miss United Continents win – 2017
1 Miss Eco-International win – 2018
1 Miss Multinational win – 2018

1 Manhunt International win – 2012
1 Mister International win – 2014
1 Man of the Year win – 2016
2 Mister Gay World wins – 2017 & 2019
1 Mister Universal Ambassador win – 2018
1 Mister Model Worldwide win – 2018
1 Mister Universe Tourism win – 2018
1 Mister Tourism and Culture Universe – 2019

And those do not include the various new international competitions won, 20+ runner-up wins, and numerous semi-finalist positions earned over the past decade.

While this level of success is a reason to celebrate for Filipino pageant fans, it has its own set of negative effects. It surely has become a magnet of both praise and inflammatory comments from different corners of the world. Has the Philippines been winning too often that it attracts envy from other countries?

They say that people won’t throw stones unto a tree without fruit, so it probably means that the Philippines is full of it that there are cases where it feels like it’s us versus the world most of the times.

Social media warfare is not an uncommon occurrence during the international pageant season. During the months leading to the peak of October to December, social media is inundated by warring factions from different countries. Pageant administrators and fans have been a strong defense (and in a number of occasions, a strong offense) against trolls, haters and online bullies. And more than that, they are the marketing machinery behind our success in pageants as they could make anyone trend on social media through various platforms (Instagram, Facebook or Twitter).

Let us also be clear that our side isn’t without fault or is always innocent. We are as equally guilty of the same dirty tactics as other online haters do. The only difference is that Filipinos are far more social media savvy than other pageant fandom.

Why do we attract so much online hate? Sashes&Scripts have a couple of theories.

  1. Social Media Noise – with the Philippines ranking highest in social media usage in the world, it is no surprise that the content our pageant pages generate gets so much mileage. This is the reason why foreign pageant pages just love to generate click-bait posts for Filipinos to look and engage into. They post anything on our queens and we’re likely to comment, like or share… On the flipside, we also create great content on social that generates such a buzz it’s like a fodder for any social media algorithm.
  2. Filipino Pride – on the other side, Filipinos do have a tendency to brag about our achievements in pageantry. In fact a de facto argument stopper with any pageant troll is our inclination to compare number of wins versus the other fans – effective, but rubs others’ pride badly. And we tend to shove it down their throats until our hands are so far down that we can handshake our other hand out of their other orifice.

Now take those two and mash them up and you’ll see why we get so much heat from other pageant fandoms.

However, why shouldn’t we be proud of what our Filipina queens achieved in the international arena? Why should we not celebrate them when they bring home a victory?

Each of the Philippines’ victory, big or small, is recognition of the sacrifice that our representatives undergo. The bigger the risk and sacrifice, the higher should be the rewards. And giving our candidates the nod that they did great – whether it ends with a crown or not – is just rightfully so for the things that they have to deal in the process of the competition. It is just about right for the pressure that we burden them when they wear the sash that says “Philippines”. They bear our weighted expectations and we lift them back in times they need our support. That seems to be a fair trade.

In summary, Filipinos should take their victories and be proud of them. There is nothing noble in shrinking ourselves just so not to offend others’ fragile egos. We may yet have to learn how to be humble in victory and gracious in defeat – but we should not be ashamed of the hard-earned and hard-fought wins we have achieved in pageantry.

Tell us what are your thoughts on this topic. Are we winning too much and too often?


Evangeline Pascual: First Filipina Miss World We Never Had

Miss Republic of the Philippines 1973 Evangeline Pascual, is the first Filipina Miss World that the Philippines never had.

The former beauty queen-turned actress, public speaker, model, painter and former radio anchor Evangeline Louise Ancheta Pascual could have been the first Filipina Miss World in 1973.

At a young age of 16, the 5’11” lass from Orani, Bataan is the 8th Philippine entry at the MW pageant held which was at the Royal Albert Hall in London, England in 1973. Evangeline and USA’s Marjorie Wallace were tied for the top spot at the coronation and a re-vote was made wherein an American judge, Gregory Peck tilt the decision in favor of Miss USA. Evangeline was eventually proclaimed 1st Runner-up.

The new Miss World was later on stripped of her title 104 day since her victory. Marjorie Wallace was fired due to her much publicized scandalous affair with a very much married man, popular Welsh singer Tom Jones, while still being engaged to another man, Formula One driver Peter Revson.

Miss World organizers arrived in Manila to offer the duties and responsibilities left by the winner to Evangeline but without the title and the crown. By then she was already an upcoming movie actress and a most sought after model so she refused for personal and professional reasons. She was already signed with several film contracts that she could no longer back out of.

The crown was then offered to the 2nd runner-up that year, Patricia Teresa Yuen Leung of Jamaica. Patsy Yuen accepted the offer to complete the Miss World duties without being officially crowned as Miss World.

IMHO it was an injustice to ask anyone to complete the reign of a winner without acknowledging her as the new queen. Evangeline should have been instated as the new Miss World that year…
Do you agree? Let us know on the comments below…

Successful Binibining Pilipinas Repeaters

The longest running and most prestigious pageant in the Philippines is the Binibining Pilipinas pageant. It is the reason why most Filipina beauty queen wannabe wants to join and win the national tilt, even as to join more than once.

But not every Binibining Pilipinas is as lucky enough as following ladies who returned to compete and clinched a runner up placement or even a title on their next try.

NOTE: this is a lengthy read. So please have the patience to go through all the names of the ladies who are in the list.


If ladies flock to join and re-join the BBP pageant year in and year out, then the Binibining Pilipinas Charities Incorporated (BPCI) must be doing something right. There are over 20 BBP repeaters who would later win a crown in the pageant. Continue reading “Successful Binibining Pilipinas Repeaters”

The Miss International Beauty Pageant

Since its inception in 1960 the Miss International has been a pageant that has built a quiet but long standing history and solid reputation.

Miss International History
The pageant has long held its stronghold as the third oldest international pageant among the 4 biggest international pageants in existence. The pageant itself was first borne after the move of the Miss Universe pageant from Long Beach, California to Miami Beach, Florida. It had 52 delegates in its initial year.
Oscar Meinhardt, who concocted the Miss Universe idea and directed the pageant from 1952 to 1959, established the International Beauty Congress in February 1960 and declared that the maiden pageant be staged August 7 to 12, and the winner be known as the Miss International Beauty.

The history of the Miss International Beauty Pageant spans around half a century of the passion and energy of delegates from around the world who have sought to “contribute to global society.”

Miss International began in 1960 in Long Beach, California, where it was staged until 1967, before moving to Japan from 1968-1970 to commemorate the Osaka World Expo (the 1968 Pageant was held at the Nippon Budokan, with the “Ginza Parade” from Hibiya Park to Nihonbashi received to great acclaim). This led to it being staged in Japan every year from 1972 onward. What is more, Miss International contestants have appeared at every international expo held in Japan so far, lending glamour to the venue.

Contestants are expected to serve as "Ambassadors of Peace and Beauty", demonstrating tenderness, benevolence, friendship, beauty, intelligence, ability to take action, and, most importantly, a great international sensibility. The ultimate goal of the Miss International beauty pageant is to promote world peace, goodwill, and understanding.

The pageant is currently owned by the ICA (International Cultural Association) and Miss Paris Group Ltd.
Since it’s inception the pageant has gathered around 60-80 candidates to its annual competition. Last 2019 saw the most number of candidates with 83 participants from all over the world. It is expected that the pageant will grow in terms of contestants this new decade with additional national directors and countries participating.
Contestants of the pageant are expected to be a picture of decorum and finesse. And should act like ambassadors and diplomats of their countries.

Aims of the International Cultural Association*
The Association was approved and founded in April 1969 (Showa 44) as an incorporated organization of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Cultural Exchange Division), for the purpose of “friendship and goodwill between all nations of the world” through international exchange. Since then, it has advanced cultural exchange on a broad scale by carrying out international activities under the slogans of “achieving world peace through mutual understanding” and “proper understanding of Japan in international society.” The International Culture Association will continue to be proactive in widening the circle of international exchange by promoting activities appropriate for the global society of the 20th century, so that it can better contribute to mutual understanding between the countries of the world and promote Japan’s image.

The Reputation of the Miss International Pageant
No major scandal has ever touched the Miss International pageant. Relative to other pageants of its scale and prestige, the MI has maintained a clean and respected image in the pageant community.
Its reputation remains one of the most solid and respected as the pageant remains the only Big 4 pageant with no winner who resigned or was dethroned. The closest controversy it has suffered was that of Miss International 2012, Ikumi Yoshimatsu of Japan who was not able to crown her successor due to conflict with a talent agency that threatened her safety and the pageant night itself.
One of the lesser known facts of the pageant is that each of the franchise holders/ national directors can choose how much they can pay for the franchise fees. According to our sources, the pageant has a ‘franchise fee’ that starts from US$1,000 up to US$ 10,000. Initially, prior to 2014-15, there were no franchise fees charged to participating countries. This is due to the reason that the pageant is subsidized by the ministry of tourism of the Japanese government.

Miss International Winners
Among the 4 Alpha pageants, only Miss International has crowned a non-European/ Scandinavian winner on its inaugural stint: Finland won the Miss Universe 1952, Sweden won the Miss World 1951, Colombia won the Miss International 1960, and Denmark grabbed the Miss Earth title 2001.
Venezuela has been the biggest achiever at this global pageant as it has won the title eight times in its almost 60 years. Four of those came in cycles of every three years starting in 1997 (1997, 2000, 2003, and 2006). Venezuela also won in 2010, 2015 and 2018. The country’s first victory was in 1985 with Nina Sicilia, who is now one of the National Directors of the Miss Venezuela pageant.
Philippine reps have won the coveted Mikimoto crown six times. It is the only Asian country to have more than one winner and ranks second to Venezuela in terms of number of wins.
Below are the list of winners of the pageant since 1960
1960 –  Colombia, Stella Márquez
1961 – Netherlands, Stanny van Baer
1962 – Australia, Tania Verstak
1963 – Iceland, Guðrún Bjarnadóttir
1964 – Philippines, Gemma Cruz
1965 – Germany, Ingrid Finger
1966 – no pageant was held
1967 – Argentina, Mirta Massa
1968 – Brazil, Maria da Glória Carvalho
1969 – United Kingdom, Valerie Holmes
1970 – Philippines, Aurora Pijuan
1971 – New Zealand, Jane Hansen
1972 – United Kingdom, Linda Hooks
1973 – Finland, Anneli Björkling
1974 – United States, Brucene Smith
1975 – Yugoslavia, Lidija Manić
1976 – France, Sophie Perin
1977 – Spain, Pilar Medina
1978 – United States, Katherine Ruth
1979 – Philippines, Melanie Marquez
1980 – Costa Rica, Lorna Chávez
1981 – Australia, Jenny Derek
1982 – United States, Christie Claridge
1983 – Costa Rica, Gidget Sandoval
1984 – Guatemala, Ilma Urrutia
1985 – Venezuela, Nina Sicilia
1986 –  England, Helen Fairbrother
1987 – Puerto Rico, Laurie Simpson
1988 – Norway, Catherine Gude
1989 – Germany, Iris Klein
1990 – Spain, Silvia de Esteban
1991 – Poland, Agnieszka Kotlarska †
1992 – Australia, Kirsten Davidson
1993 – Poland, Agnieszka Pachałko
1994 – Greece, Christina Lekka
1995 – Norway, Anne Lena Hansen
1996 – Portugal, Fernanda Alves
1997 – Venezuela, Consuelo Adler
1998 – Panama, Lía Victoria Borrero
1999 –  Colombia, Paulina Gálvez
2000 – Venezuela, Vivian Urdaneta
2001 – Poland, Małgorzata Rożniecka
2002 – Lebanon, Christina Sawaya
2003 – Venezuela, Goizeder Azúa
2004 – Colombia, Jeymmy Vargas
2005 – Philippines, Lara Quigaman
2006 – Venezuela, Daniela Di Giacomo
2007 – Mexico, Priscila Perales
2008 – Spain, Alejandra Andreu
2009 – Mexico, Anagabriela Espinoza
2010 – Venezuela, Elizabeth Mosquera
2011 – Ecuador, Fernanda Cornejo
2012 – Japan, Ikumi Yoshimatsu[b]
2013 – Philippines, Bea Santiago
2014 – Puerto Rico, Valerie Hernandez
2015 – Venezuela, Edymar Martínez
2016 – Philippines, Kylie Verzosa
2017 – Indonesia, Kevin Lilliana
2018 – Venezuela, Mariem Velazco
2019 – Thailand, Sireethorn Leearamwat

The Miss International Mikimoto Crown
One of the most iconic aspects of the pageant is its Mikimoto crown. This crown is the oldest crown among the 4 biggest international pageants still in use. The Mikimoto crown is studded with Japanese cultured pearls and gold trimmed with either ermine or mink fur with an overall total estimated value of US$ 550,000. The first Mikimoto crown was used in 1967.

The pageant has made use of several crowns in its history. The first crown used in 1960 had an appraised value of $1 million.  It was made of solid gold and platinum, it contained 1,000 cultured and black pearls collected from the waters of Australia, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), India, Mexico and the South Pacific.  It had a large star with 12 precious stones including diamonds, garnets and rubies.

* as lifted from the Miss International official Facebook page.

Alice Dixson, Binibining Pilipinas International 1986

One of the most forgotten aspects of Alice Dixson’s career was the fact that she was crowned Binibining Pilipinas International 1986.

Most people would remember Alice as 1) the face of a soap commercial with the famous tagline, “I can feel it!” and 2) as the fairy princess married to a mortal man in the sitcom “Okay Ka, Fairy Ko”. Others would remember her as one of the most memorable actresses to have played the comics character, Dyesebel in a movie (to which another beauty queen, Charlene Gonzales, also played in the 90’s).

The 5’7″ tall Filipina-American beauty was Binibini #28 in the Binibining Pilipinas 1986 pageant. That year, Alice bagged the three special awards, that of Miss Photogenic, Miss Creamsilk Dream Girl, and Miss Talent. She later won the honor to represent the Philippines in the Miss International competition and was the only winner in her batch to have made it into the semis that year (BBP-Universe Violeta Nalus and BBP-Maja Maria Cristina Ramos Recto both didn’t make it in their respective contests). The Miss International was held on August 31st in Huis Ten Bosch (Holland Village) in Nagasaki. Alice was among the 15 semi-finalists chosen from 46 entrants that year. It was England’s Helen Fairbrother who won the title that year.

Most pageant pundits believed that she should’ve made it as Bb. Pilipinas Universe instead of Violeta Nalus, but at that time Alice was ineligible for Miss Universe due to her age. Alice was born July 28, 1969, which makes her only 15 years years old by the time of the Binibining Pilipinas competition. This would have been an issue as she would been disqualified in the Miss Universe pageant had she been sent there. Even back then, the minimum age required to join MU was 18 years old. In an interview just several years back Alice did confirm that she was only 15 years old when she won Binibining Pilipinas International in 1986. Had she been sent to MU, she probably have landed the same fate as that of Pilar Pilapil who was only 16 years old when she competed in MU 1967. (TRIVIA: It was rumored that the MU org suspected that Pilar wasn’t 18 years old as declared in her papers which could have been a reason for her not making semis. Had she competed 2 years later, who knows she might have been the first Filipina Miss Universe instead of Gloria Diaz.)

Alice after her stint in pageants would be remembered as one of the prettiest faces in Philippine showbiz. At age 50 this year, she remains to look as young and as fresh as she first became famous with her Palmolive commercial…

How about you, what is your fondest memory of Alice Dixson?

What Ever Happened to Lara Quigaman’s Crown & Sash?

The Miss International pageant is one of the few remaining international competitions that awards their winners with a cash prize, sash, trophy, glass plaque, and a gold and pearl Miss International tiara.

So let’s find out what ever happened to Miss International 2005 Precious Lara Quigaman’s crown and sash?


Among the Binibining Pilipinas batches in the 2000’s, the 2005 batch is considered the most successful. This is owing to the fact that Lara Quigaman was able to bring home the MI title after 33 years since Melanie Marquez won in 1979.

Unfortunately for Lara, she wasn’t able to keep her Binibining Pilipinas crown as it is passed on to the next winner of the title. According to a Binibining Pilipinas Charities Incorporated (BPCI) official, the old crowns are kept in a vault-storage. The red Cumbia gown that Lara wore during the Binibining Pilipinas finals was also kept by the BPCI. A framed picture of hers is displayed in the BPCI offices together with other notable former BBP titleholders.

Lara was able to keep her Binibining Pilipinas – International sash which she keeps in a tightly sealed zip-locked bag with her other Miss international prizes.


Lara was able to keep most of her Miss International prizes. In an interview with the Philippine Daily Inquirer, she said that she was able to hold on to her MI sash, glass plaque, trophy and framed picture. The MI plaque and trophy are in her home displayed in her room. Her original MI sash was however kept in an air-tight bag as it got stained and damaged. When her sash got stained and had it washed, the gold trim bled damaging the sash. Lara said that the sash got worn almost daily as she had used it during the entire duration of her reign. She had a replica of the Miss International sash made when the original could no longer be used.

The original Miss International Estelle Esme crown was kept by the Miss International organization. She nevertheless was awarded a smaller Miss International tiara. She also further detailed that the tiara came in a pink box lined with satin cushion.

Homecoming parade of Lara Quigaman and Bea Rose Santiago
Homecoming parade of Lara Quigaman and Bea Rose Santiago


Speaking of crowns and tiaras, Lara is one of the very few Miss International winners who was allowed to wear the original Miss International crown outside of Japan. The original Estelle Asme pearl and gold crown was flown in from Tokyo for Lara’s victory parade. It is rumored that this distinction is only given to the MI winners whom the pageant organizers truly likes. The BPCI is said to have adjusted Lara’s homecoming parade as to wait for the original crown to arrive in Manila. Rumor also has it that Lara possesses a replica of the original Miss International crown, which in turn was used during much of Bea Rose Santiago’s public  appearances in 2013.